A chalazion is a small bump that appears on your eyelid because of a blocked oil glandand accumulation of fat. Using warm compresses and gentle massage can help evacuate it.If despite these attempts it doesn't resolve, you can ask an eye doctor to evacuate it by surgery.
Chalazion surgery procedure
The operation is usually done as an outpatient case,in clinic or operation room. First, the eyelid is numbed by applying anesthetic drops and injection so that the patient feels no pain.Thenthe chalazion cystis removed through a small cut at the back of the eyelid. There is no need for stitches and since the cut is at the back of the eyelid, it doesn’t show.Your eye is then covered with a dressing, and the dressing will be kept in place over your eye for a few hours. Sometimes (especially in people who have chalazia that keep coming back)a biopsy may be taken of the cyst. This will be sent to a pathology laboratory for more examination.
Postoperative care after Chalazion surgery
After removing the bandage you may notice dilutedblood dischargeson dressing or in the eye.This is normal and there is no need to worry. These discharges will usually resolve within one or two days.
Your eyelid may be swollen and bruised after operation, which is also normal. Bruises usually disappear within 10 days to two weeks.
After surgery, your eye doctor may recommend you to use eye drops and antibiotic or steroid ointments for a few days. Using these drugs reduce inflammation and improve the wound faster.
If you need pain relief, you can take over-the-counter painkillers such as such as acetaminophen.
Chalazion surgery under local anesthesia is not possiblein small children. In these cases surgery is performed under general anesthesia and in the operating room.